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Medical Detox
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Medical Detox

Medical detox is a component of drug treatment that enables people to stop using drugs prior to rehabilitation. Medical detox programs can be applied for a wide range of drug problems, including alcohol, heroin, prescription opiates, and benzodiazepines. While not all substance use disorders require medical detox, medically assisted detoxification is a valuable tool that helps thousands of people each year. Medical detox programs are available throughout Alabama and across the United States.
What is medical detox?

Medically assisted detox involves the use of medications and medical support staff to enable drug discontinuation. This process is especially useful for substances that produce a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome upon termination of use, including many central nervous system (CNS) depressants. Detoxification is concerned primarily with the cessation of drug intake, with medications used to support this process and reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms.
Types of drug problems

Drug dependence is often split into two separate groups, with physical addiction involving a physical withdrawal syndrome and psychological addiction involving a motivational and emotional withdrawal syndrome. Physically addictive drugs are more likely to require medical detox, including alcohol, heroin, morphine, codeine, Valium, Xanax, Klonopin and many more. While psychological addictions, such as cocaine and marijuana, are often treated through rehab measures alone, detox may still be initiated to support drug discontinuation.
Types of detox programs

Detoxification can occur in many ways, including medical detox at a residential clinic, natural detox, rapid detox, and home-based detox. While natural and rapid detox programs can be useful in many situations, the vast majority of people are advised to enroll in a residential program. Residential detox facilities can be found throughout Alabama, with some clinics operating in isolation and others connected with rehab centers.
Alcohol withdrawal

Alcohol is a physically addictive substance with a pronounced withdrawal syndrome. Typical symptoms include sweating, nausea, vomiting, hand tremors, seizures, and delirium tremens. These symptoms range from mild to severe, with medications often used to alleviate symptoms and stabilize patients. Benzodiazepine medications are often used to support this process, including Valium and Librium. Alcohol withdrawal can be dangerous and even fatal if medications are not used to reduce the severity of delirium tremens and other extensive symptoms.
Opioid withdrawal

Opioid drugs include the illegal drug heroin and the prescription medications morphine, oxycodone, codeine and many more. Common withdrawal symptoms include nausea, vomiting, cramps, involuntary body movements, and insomnia. Opioids are physically addictive, with medications often used to support drug discontinuation and stabilization. Opioids and opioid antagonists may both be used during medical detox programs, including methadone and buprenorphine.
Meth withdrawal

Methamphetamine is a strong central nervous system (CNS) stimulant associated with a severe psychological withdrawal syndrome. Meth users are likely to experience motivational and emotional withdrawal symptoms when drug use is stopped, including drug cravings, insomnia, changes in eating patterns, changes in body movement, and depression. Meth is an example of a psychologically addictive drug, and medications are normally not needed during the detox process. While detoxification programs may be initiated to support the cessation of drug intake, medications play little to no role in this process.
Treatment after detox

Medical detox should always be followed by rehabilitation and aftercare treatment. Rehab centers can be found throughout Alabama, including residential and out-patient facilities. While detox helps people to stop using drugs, rehab is concerned with treating the issues that further associated with addiction. By analyzing and treating the emotional and cognitive distortions that lead to addiction, therapists can help people to avoid relapse and engage with the recovery process on a long-term basis.
If you are struggling with an addiction and would like to get help, reach out to a substance abuse facility in Alabama today and find out if medical detox is right for you.